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Road Landscape Space Enclosure Scale and Sequence Characteristics Based on Human Aesthetic Perception and Psychological Experience

机译:基于人类审美观和心理经验的道路景观空间围护尺度与序列特征

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摘要

Road landscape environments are defined in terms of road space, consisting of the pavement and the surrounding boundaries, and the various road landscape elements normally constitute the component parts of road space. The creation and organization of spatial interfaces in road landscape planning not only play an important role in transportation function planning but also create different landscape spatial atmospheres, which largely determine the space perception and psychological experience of the passengers when traveling on the road. The major constituent elements of road spatial interfaces were defined in this paper, and the conception and quantized calculation method of road space enclosure scale was proposed. The spatial characteristics and the different spatial feelings of the road solid interface, void interface, and zero interface were analyzed in detail. The quantitative relationship between space enclosure scale and people's spatial experience was established based on the solid interface of plain, cutting, and filling areas, the void interface of roadside trees, and the zero interface of filling areas and viaducts. The spatial form of road landscape environment was summarized in flat, wave, and climax types according to the arrangement and layout of landscape space sequences, and the spatial sequence characteristics and improvement means for original space were discussed. Taking Guangwu Road in the Guangdong Province in the rolling hill area of South China as the case study, the road space interface enclosure map was drawn, and the road landscape space types were analyzed according to cutting and filling conditions by employing the road design software HintCAD, which provided the primary quantitative reference for road space sequence planning and regional landscape style control to make road landscape planning fully integrated with people's aesthetic psychology and dynamic visual features.
机译:道路景观环境是根据道路空间定义的,包括人行道和周围边界,各种道路景观元素通常构成道路空间的组成部分。道路景观规划中空间界面的创建和组织,不仅在交通功能规划中起着重要作用,而且还创造出不同的景观空间氛围,这在很大程度上决定了乘客在道路上行驶时的空间感知和心理体验。定义了道路空间接口的主要构成要素,提出了道路空间围护尺度的概念和量化计算方法。详细分析了道路实心界面,空界面和零界面的空间特征和不同的空间感觉。基于平原区,采伐区和填埋区的实心界面,路旁树木的空虚界面以及填充区和高架桥的零界面,建立了空间围护尺度与人们空间体验之间的定量关系。根据景观空间序列的布置和布局,将道路景观环境的空间形式概括为平面,波浪和高潮类型,并讨论了原始空间的空间序列特征和改善手段。以华南地区连绵起伏的广东省广武路为例,绘制道路空间界面围护图,并利用道路设计软件HintCAD根据填土情况分析道路景观空间类型。为道路空间序列规划和区域景观风格控制提供了主要的定量参考,使道路景观规划与人们的审美心理和动态视觉特征完全融合。

著录项

  • 来源
    《Journal of testing and evaluation》 |2016年第2期|734-743|共10页
  • 作者单位

    Beijing Jiaotong Univ., Beijing, 100044, China,Beijing Key Laboratory of Track Engineering, Beijing, 100088, China;

    Beijing Jiaotong Univ., Beijing, 100044, China,Beijing Key Laboratory of Track Engineering, Beijing, 100088, China;

    Beijing Jiaotong Univ., Beijing, 100044, China,Beijing Key Laboratory of Track Engineering, Beijing, 100088, China;

  • 收录信息 美国《科学引文索引》(SCI);美国《工程索引》(EI);
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

    road space; enclosure scale; sense of space; aesthetic perception; space sequence;

    机译:道路空间外壳秤空间感;审美观;空间顺序;

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