【摘要】This paper presents a reliable fault diagnosis methodology for various single and multiple combined defects of low-speed rolling element bearings. This method temporally partitions an acoustic emission (AE) signal and selects a portion of the signal, which contains intrinsic information about the bearing failures. This paper then performs frequency analysis for the selected time-domain AE signal by using multilevel finite-impulse response filter banks to obtain the most informative subband signals involving abnormal symptoms of the bearing defects. It does this by using a 2-D visualization tool that represents the percentage of the Gaussian-mixture-model-based residual component-to-defect component ratios via time-varying and multiresolution envelope analysis (TVMREA). Then, fault signatures in the time and frequency domains are extracted in the informative subband signals. Since all the extracted fault features may not be equally useful for diagnosis, the proposed genetic algorithm (GA)-based discriminative feature analysis (GADFA) selects the most discriminative subset of fault signatures. In experiments, single and multiple combined bearing defects under various conditions are used to validate the effectiveness of this fault diagnosis scheme using TVMREA and GADFA. Experimental results indicate that this reliable fault diagnosis methodology accurately identifies bearing failure type across a variety of conditions. In addition, GADFA outperforms other state-of-the-art feature analysis techniques, yielding 7.3%–46.6% performance improvements in average classification accuracy.
【关键词】Acoustic emission;Acoustic emission (AE);fault diagnosis;genetic algorithm;genetic algorithm (GA);single and multiple combined bearing defects;single and multiple-combined bearing defects;time-varying and multi-resolution envelope analysis;time-varying and multiresolution envelope analysis (TVMREA);