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The creative spatio-temporal fix: Creative and cultural industries development in Shanghai, China

机译:创意时空定位:中国上海的创意文化产业发展

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As the idea of creative city becoming a universal panacea for economic stagnancy and urban boosterism, the heavy dependency on creative fixes has widely spread to cities around the globe through urban networks and neoliberal urban policies. Since the late 1990s, Shanghai has expeditiously embraced the idea of making creative city and enthusiastically promoted the development of creative and cultural industries (CCIs). This research proposes the idea of 'the creative spatio-temporal fix' to interpret Shanghai's CCIs development over the last decade: under an overarching framework of creative entrepreneurial governance, the creative reconfiguration of the built environment (spatial fix) and temporal deferral of crisis and long term speculation on land (re)development (temporal fix) are in place to cope with the crisis of capital accumulation. Two rounds of creative spatio-temporal fix are discerned and epitomised in the case of Red Town, an iconic CCIs zone in Shanghai. Drawing on policy analysis and in-depth fieldworks, this study scrutinises into the creativity of the spatio-temporal fix and the spatiality and temporality of the creative fix in Shanghai. The findings are threefold. First, CCIs development is underwritten by a multi-scalar entrepreneurial network and its alliance with SOEs landlords and private developers. Second, the creativity of the spatio-temporal fix can be seen in the creative institutional design enabling CCIs development and forming an alliance with the SOE landlords, as well as the strategic speculation on the theme of creative city. Third, the spatiality and temporality of the creative fix are manifested in the temporal deferral of the crisis of deindustrialisation and limited spatial reconfiguration at the first stage, and a radical spatial restructuring with a temporal fix introducing financial capital at the second stage.
机译:随着创意城市成为停滞经济和推动城市发展的普遍灵丹妙药,对创意修复的严重依赖已通过城市网络和新自由主义城市政策广泛传播到全球城市。从1990年代后期开始,上海就迅速接受了创造创意城市的构想,并积极推动了创意文化产业(CCI)的发展。这项研究提出了“创造性的时空固定”思想来解释上海近十年来CCI的发展:在创造性企业家治理的总体框架下,建筑环境的创造性重构(空间固定)以及危机和危机的暂时延缓。为了应对资本积累的危机,对土地(重新)开发(长期固定)进行了长期的投机。以上海标志性CCI区域Red Town为例,可以辨别并概括出两轮创造性的时空定位。借助政策分析和深入的实地考察,本研究仔细研究了时空定位的创意和上海市创新定位的时空性。调查结果有三点。首先,CCI的发展是由一个多尺度的企业家网络及其与国有企业的房东和私人开发商组成的联盟来进行的。其次,时空定位的创造力可以在创造创意的机构设计中看到,这些设计使CCI得以发展并与国有企业业主结成同盟,以及以创意城市为主题的战略投机。第三,创意定位的时空性表现为第一阶段的去工业化危机和有限的空间重构在时间上的延后,以及在第二阶段通过时间定位引入金融资本的根本性空间重组。

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