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Hunting for a Living: Wildlife Trade, Rural Livelihoods and Declining Wildlife in the Hkakaborazi National Park, North Myanmar

机译:谋生:北部缅甸赫卡博拉拉齐国家公园的野生生物贸易,农村生计和野生动物数量减少

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摘要

Hunting is a threat to wildlife within the Hkakaborazi National Park in north Myanmar. We used questionnaire surveys to obtain data on variables such as commonly targeted species, prices of traded wildlife, reasons for hunting and the relative importance of livelihood sources. We examine (a) the significance of hunting and trade for livelihoods and explore (b) the impacts of hunting on targeted species. Ninety per cent of trade records (n = 803) was constituted by seven species commonly targeted by hunters (serow, red goral, muntjac, bear, Assamese macaque, black musk deer and takin). Commercially valuable species previously targeted by hunters (tiger, otter, pangolin) appear to be completely absent from current harvest records and potentially in decline. Although fanning is the predominant occupation, hunting (driven by trade) represents a significantly higher source of income than other livelihood activities. Management recommendations include increased investment in enforcement, education and outreach, small livestock development, improved crop productivity, demarcation of no-take areas for wildlife and biological monitoring of targeted species.
机译:狩猎是缅甸北部Hkakaborazi国家公园内野生动植物的威胁。我们使用问卷调查来获取有关变量的数据,例如常见目标物种,野生动植物的交易价格,狩猎原因以及生计来源的相对重要性。我们研究(a)狩猎和贸易对生计的重要性,并探讨(b)狩猎对目标物种的影响。 90%的贸易记录(n = 803)是由猎人普遍针对的七个物种构成的(se,红red,孟塔克,熊,阿萨姆短尾猿,黑麝和羚羊)。以前被猎人作为目标的商业上有价值的物种(老虎,水獭,穿山甲)似乎在当前的收成记录中是完全缺失的,并且有可能下降。尽管煽风点火是主要职业,但狩猎(由贸易驱动)比其他谋生活动所占的收入来源高得多。管理建议包括增加对执法,教育和宣传的投入,发展小牲畜,提高作物生产力,划定野生生物禁区和对目标物种进行生物监测。

著录项

  • 来源
    《Environmental Management》 |2011年第1期|p.158-167|共10页
  • 作者单位

    Wildlife Conservation Society Singapore, 134 Tanjong Rhu, #02-03 Pebble Bay, 436920 Singapore, Singapore;

    Wildlife Conservation Society Myanmar Program, Yangon, Myanmar;

    Wildlife Conservation Society Myanmar Program, Yangon, Myanmar;

    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, 117543 Singapore, Singapore;

  • 收录信息 美国《科学引文索引》(SCI);美国《工程索引》(EI);美国《化学文摘》(CA);
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

    hunting; myanmar; wildlife trade; livelihoods; species decline;

    机译:狩猎;缅甸;野生动植物贸易;生计物种减少;

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