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Domain-Generality and Domain-Specificity in Personal Epistemology Research: Philosophical and Empirical Reflections in the Development of a Theoretical Framework

机译:个人认识论研究中的领域普遍性和领域特殊性:理论框架发展的哲学和经验思考

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This review synthesizes and critically examines 19 empirical studies that have addressed the domain-specificity/domain-generality issue in personal epistemology. We present an overview of traditional and more contemporary epistemological stances from philosophical perspectives to offer another basis from which to examine this issue. Explicit examples of academic domains are described and epistemological comparisons are made based on our synthesized definition. Given the epistemological similarities and differences across domains that we identified from empirical and philosophical considerations, we propose that beliefs are both domain general and domain specific. Accordingly, we present a theoretical framework of personal epistemology that incorporates both positions and hypothesize how the belief systems might interact in terms of the development of personal epistemology and relations to various facets of cognition, motivation, and achievement. The article ends with a discussion of educational implications.
机译:这篇综述综合并批判性地研究了19个经验研究,这些研究解决了个人认识论中的领域特异性/领域普遍性问题。我们从哲学的角度概述了传统的和更现代的认识论立场,以提供另一个基础来研究这个问题。描述了学术领域的具体示例,并根据我们的综合定义进行了认识论比较。鉴于我们从经验和哲学考虑确定的跨领域的认识论相似性和差异性,我们提出信念既是领域通用的又是领域特定的。因此,我们提出了一种个人认识论的理论框架,该理论框架既包含立场,又假设信仰体系如何根据个人认识论的发展以及与认知,动机和成就的各个方面的关系而相互作用。本文最后讨论了教育意义。

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