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Nightmare Themes: An Online Study of Most Recent Nightmares and Childhood Nightmares

机译:噩梦主题:最新的噩梦和童年噩梦的在线研究

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Study Objectives:Even though the common diagnostic criteria (ICSD-3, DSM-5) acknowledge that nightmares do not only contain anxiety/fear (definition of the ICD-10) but also other emotions such as grief, disgust, and anger, the definition of a nightmare still focuses on threats to survival, security, or physical integrity. However, empirical studies on nightmare content in larger samples are scarce.Methods:The current study elicited 1,216 of the most recent nightmares including childhood nightmares of a population-based sample.Results:The findings show that nightmares encompass a diversity of different topics, being chased, physical aggression, including death/injury of close persons. Infrequent themes like being the aggressor and suicide are of special interest as they might be related to waking-life psychopathology.Conclusions:The variety of nightmare topics clearly indicate that current definitions of nightmare content are too narrow. Future studies should look into nightmare content of persons in whom nightmare disorder has been diagnosed.
机译:研究目标:即使通用的诊断标准(ICSD-3,DSM-5)都承认,噩梦不仅包含焦虑/恐惧(ICD-10的定义),而且还包含其他情绪,例如悲伤,厌恶和愤怒,噩梦的定义仍然集中在对生存,安全或身体完整性的威胁上。方法:目前的研究引发了1,216例最新的噩梦,其中包括基于人口样本的童年噩梦。结果:研究结果表明,噩梦涵盖了不同主题的多样性。追逐,身体攻击,包括亲密人士死亡/受伤。像侵略者和自杀这样的不常见主题特别令人感兴趣,因为它们可能与唤醒生活的精神病理学有关。结论:噩梦主题的多样性清楚地表明,当前对噩梦内容的定义过于狭窄。未来的研究应调查被诊断为梦night症的人的梦content含量。

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