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New Issue to Modeling Intentionality in the Field of Consciousness

机译:意识领域中意向性建模的新问题

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Brentano in 1870s was the first to introduce intentionality to mean “conscious of”. At the end of the 1960s, a version of this view was developed by analytic American philosophy to construct a theory of meaningful language. That led Dennett to claim that intentionality was mainly a feature of sentence, not mental states. In contrast, Searle in 1990s rejected the Brentanian thesis and explained intentionality by a biological naturalism. Thereafter, radical eliminativists such as Churchland claimed that all philosophical arguments merited replacement by neuroscientific knowledge. Unfortunately, very few neurophysiological studies attempted to scientifically tackle the problem raised by intentionality. The issue now emerging is a new conception of intentionality based on phenomenological, neurobiological and quantum theories, such as: 1) the notion of “intentional arc” proposed in the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty; 2) the neurobiological and quantum model of Freeman, in which self-organizing pathways are accompanied by quantum transitions in controlling intentionality in brain; 3) the recent hypothesis that some visuo-motor neurons would be involved in controlling these self-organized pathways; 4) the quantum models of Vitiello and Globus, in which a thermofield (dissipative) system governs the dynamic dialog of dual quantum modes between environment and brain. Based on this conception of mind-world interactions, it implicitly appears that intentionality might be a fundamental force which draws us irreversibly towards the future. An alternative hypothesis based on this promising proposal is argued.
机译:1870年代的布伦塔诺(Brentano)是第一个引入意向性来表示“意识”的人。在1960年代末,这种观点的一种形式是通过分析美国哲学而发展起来的,以构建一种有意义的语言理论。因此,丹尼特声称故意性主要是句子的特征,而不是精神状态。相比之下,塞尔(Searle)在1990年代拒绝了不列颠人的论断,并通过生物学自然主义来解释其意图。此后,激进的种族主义者,例如丘吉兰(Churchland)声称,所有哲学论点都应被神经科学知识所取代。不幸的是,很少有神经生理学研究试图科学地解决故意性引起的问题。现在出现的问题是一种基于现象学,神经生物学和量子理论的新的意向性概念,例如:1)Merleau-Ponty哲学中提出的“意向弧”概念; 2)Freeman的神经生物学和量子模型,其中自组织途径伴随着控制大脑意图的量子跃迁; 3)最近的假说,某些视觉运动神经元将参与控制这些自组织的途径; 4)Vitiello和Globus的量子模型,其中一个热场(耗散)系统控制着环境与大脑之间的双量子模式的动态对话。基于这种思想世界互动的概念,隐含地表明意图性可能是一种不可逆转的力量,它将我们不可逆转地拉向了未来。有人提出了基于这一有前途建议的另一种假设。

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