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The Embodied God: Core Intuitions About Person Physicality Coexist and Interfere With Acquired Christian Beliefs About God, the Holy Spirit, and Jesus

机译:体现的上帝:关于人身体的核心直觉共存并干扰着关于上帝,圣灵和耶稣的基督教信仰

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Why are disembodied extraordinary beings like gods and spirits prevalent in past and present theologies? Under the intuitive Cartesian dualism hypothesis, this is because it is natural to conceptualize of minds as separate from bodies; under the counterintuitiveness hypothesis, this is because beliefs in minds without bodies are unnatural-such beliefs violate core knowledge intuitions about person physicality and consequently have a social transmission advantage. We report on a critical test of these contrasting hypotheses. Prior research found that among adult Christian religious adherents, intuitions about person psychology coexist and interfere with theological conceptualizations of God (e.g., infallibility). Here, we use a sentence verification paradigm where participants are asked to evaluate as true or false statements on which core knowledge intuitions about person physicality and psychology and Christian theology about God are inconsistent (true on one and false on the other) versus consistent (both true or both false). We find, as predicted by the counterintuitiveness hypothesis but not the Cartesian dualism hypothesis, that Christian religious adherents show worse performance (lower accuracy and slower response time) on statements where Christian theological doctrines about God's physicality (e.g., incorporeality, omnipresence) conflict with intuitions about person physicality. We find these effects for other extraordinary beings in Christianity-the Holy Spirit and Jesus-but not for an ordinary being (priest). We conclude that it is unintuitive to conceptualize extraordinary beings as disembodied, and that this, rather than inherent Cartesian dualism, may explain the prevalence of beliefs in such beings.
机译:为什么在过去和现在的神学中普遍存在无形的众生,例如神灵?在直觉的笛卡尔二元论假设下,这是因为将思想与身体分开是很自然的。在违反直觉的假设下,这是因为没有身体的思想信念是不自然的-这种信念违反了关于人的身体的核心知识直觉,因此具有社会传播优势。我们报告了对这些相反假设的严格检验。先前的研究发现,在成年基督教信徒中,关于人的心理的直觉共存并干扰了神的神学概念化(例如,无误)。在这里,我们使用一个句子验证范式,要求参与者将对人的身体和心理的核心知识直觉与对神的基督教神学的不一致(对一个是真,另一对是错误)与一致(两者)评估为对或错。对或错)。正如反直觉假设而非笛卡尔二元论假设所预言的那样,我们发现基督徒宗教信徒在有关神的身体的基督教神学教义(例如,无能,无处不在)与直觉冲突的陈述中表现较差(准确性较低,响应时间较慢)。关于人的身体。我们发现这些影响对于基督教中的其他非凡生物-圣灵和耶稣-却对普通生物(牧师)没有。我们得出的结论是,将超现实存在概念化为非现实化是不直观的,并且这(而不是固有的笛卡尔二元论)可以解释这种存在的信仰的普遍性。

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