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SEX IDENTIFICATION OF SLAVE SACRIFICE VICTIMS FROM QIN STATE TOMBS IN THE SPRING AND AUTUMN PERIOD OF CHINA USING ANCIENT DNA

【摘要】 Ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis was employed to determine the sex of slave sacrifice victims from Qin State tombs during the Spring and Autumn Period of China. It is difficult to obtain sex information from fragmentary skeleton samples with the aid of skeletal morphology methods. aDNA was extracted from the dentine in selected tooth samples of sacrificial slaves using a modified traditional method, which combines together phenol/chloroform extraction, silicon dioxide adsorption and ultrafiltration concentration. Based on the sequence differences between the amelogenin homologous gene in the X and that in the Y chromosome, a pair of specific primers was designed to identify the sex of the selected samples. In the selected eight typical samples, the aDNA analytical results revealed that three were males and two were females. These findings indicate that molecular sex identification might provide more valuable information for archaeological research on the institution of slave sacrifice in the Spring and Autumn Period of China.

【期刊名称】 Archaeometry

【作者】 HU-QIN ZHANG; FANG-E LIU; WEN-KANG LIU; JIAN-QIANG DU; XIAO-MING WU; XUE-MEI CHEN; GUANG-XI LIAO;

【作者单位】 The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education School of Life Science and Technology Xi'an Jiaotong University Xi'an 710049 P.R. China; The Center of Basic Medicine Teaching Experiments School of Basic Medicine Fourth Military Medicine University (FMMU) Xi'an 710032 P.R. China;

【收录信息】;

【年(卷),期】2011(53),3

【年度】2011

【页码】600-613

【总页数】14

【原文格式】PDF

【正文语种】eng

【中图分类】;

【原文服务方】国家工程技术数字图书馆

【关键词】AMELOGENIN GENE;ANCIENT DNA;SEX IDENTIFICATION;SLAVE SACRIFICE VICTIMS;MOLECULAR ARCHAEOLOGY;

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