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Optimal design of electric vehicle battery recycling network - From the perspective of electric vehicle manufacturers

机译:电动汽车电池回收网络的最佳设计 - 从电动汽车制造商的角度

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摘要

Driven by the global campaign against climate change, the market of electric vehicles has boomed across the world in recent years. Since Lithium-Ion batteries are commonly used to power electric vehicles, a huge amount of batteries will soon reach their end-of-life; how to recycle them to reduce environmental pollution and promoting the sustainable development of the electric vehicle market has become an urgent challenge today. Implementation of the secondary reuse of used electric vehicle batteries is a valuable recycling strategy. However, there is a lack of research investigating electric vehicle batteries recycling network design at the enterprise level, which impedes the sustainable development of electric vehicles. Driven by this, this paper developed a model considering carbon emission for simulating the recycling of electric vehicle batteries. The proposed model takes into account three potential battery handling strategies (recycling, remanufacturing, and disposal) to processing used vehicle battery cells of different quality levels at different centers. A real case study from a Chinese electric vehicle manufacturer is presented, wherein a 5.7% decrease in total cost and a 21.8% reduction in CO2 emission can be achieved. Moreover, the results of the scenario analysis show that transportation costs, carbon tax, and the number of used batteries, which can change both the configuration of the network, have been identified as three major factors affecting the optimal design of recycling networks. In addition, developing more economical recycling technology for electric vehicle manufacturers to further reduce the total cost of the recycling process is the main direction. In all, this research will provide foreign researchers with a perspective on Chinese companies in terms of electric vehicle battery recycling at the enterprise level, and promote economically and environmentally sustainable development in the electric vehicle battery industry.
机译:由全球对抗气候变化的竞选驱动,电动汽车市场近年来世界各地都蓬勃发展。由于锂离子电池通常用于电动汽车,因此大量的电池将很快达到其寿命结束;如何回收它们以减少环境污染,促进电动汽车市场的可持续发展已成为今天的紧急挑战。二次电动车电池的二次重用的实施是一个有价值的回收策略。然而,缺乏研究在企业层面回收网络设计的电动汽车电池,这阻碍了电动车辆的可持续发展。由此开发,本文开发了一种模型,考虑模拟电动车辆电池的再循环的碳排放。该拟议模型考虑了三种潜在的电池处理策略(回收,再制造和处理),以处理不同中心的不同质量水平的使用车辆电池单元。提出了来自中国电动汽车制造商的真正案例研究,其中总成本下降5.7%,也可以实现二氧化碳排放量的21.8%。此外,场景分析结果表明,可以将运输成本,碳税和使用电池的数量改变为网络配置,这已被确定为影响回收网络最佳设计的三个主要因素。此外,为电动汽车制造商开发更经济的回收技术,以进一步降低回收过程的总成本是主要方向。总之,本研究将在企业级的电动汽车电池回收方面,在中国公司提供外国研究人员,在电动汽车电池行业中促进经济和环境可持续发展。

著录项

  • 来源
    《Applied Energy》 |2020年第Octa1期|115328.1-115328.11|共11页
  • 作者单位

    Chongqing Univ State Key Lab Power Transmiss Equipment & Syst Se Chongqing Peoples R China|Chongqing Univ Coll Automat Chongqing Peoples R China;

    Chongqing Univ State Key Lab Power Transmiss Equipment & Syst Se Chongqing Peoples R China|Chongqing Univ Coll Mech Engn Chongqing Peoples R China;

    Newcastle Univ Sch Engn Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 7RU Tyne & Wear England;

  • 收录信息 美国《科学引文索引》(SCI);美国《工程索引》(EI);
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

    Electric vehicle; Battery recycling; Carbon emission; Network design;

    机译:电动车;电池回收;碳排放;网络设计;

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