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Nature as a living presence: Drawings by Tupinambá and New York Children

机译:以自然为生:图皮纳巴和纽约儿童画

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摘要

Child–nature interaction has undergone drastic changes in modern history, from a free outdoor childhood to a confined daily life connected to electronic devices, with negative consequences to development and well-being. Any resulting lack of connection to the natural environment can hamper involvement in solving environmental problems. This research attempted to assess children’s perceptions of nature, as well as their feelings and values. Six- to 14-year-old children from the Tupinambá group (n = 91), an indigenous society in Brazil, and from New York (n = 54) drew pictures of nature and answered five questions about their drawings, feelings, and values in regard to natural environments. Quantitative (descriptive) and qualitative (content) analyses of the drawings were carried out, and their liveness and animism were estimated. The answers given by children to the questions about nature were organized into emerging categories from the data. The Tupinambá children’s drawings were generally livelier than those of the New York children. However, the difference failed to reach statistical significance among the younger children, and the difference only approached significance among the older children. The drawings of the Tupinambá contained more animism, depicting non-humans and non-animals with facial expressions, than those of the New Yorkers. Compared with the New Yorkers, the Tupinambá children more often included human constructions such as roads and houses in their drawings. The indigenous children more often saw human and non-human elements as integrated compared with the nonindigenous children. The study reinforces theoretical tendencies about the environmental perception of children in relation to the natural environment and highlights peculiarities of the participating groups, indicating relevant questions for future investigations.
机译:儿童与自然的互动在现代历史上发生了翻天覆地的变化,从自由的户外童年到与电子设备连接的狭窄日常生活,对发展和幸福产生了负面影响。任何与自然环境缺乏联系的结果都可能妨碍人们参与解决环境问题。这项研究试图评估儿童对自然的看法以及他们的感受和价值观。来自巴西的土著社会Tupinambá小组(n = 91)和纽约(n = 54)的6至14岁儿童画了大自然的照片,并回答了有关其绘画,感受和价值的五个问题关于自然环境。对图纸进行了定量(描述性)和定性(内容)分析,并估计了它们的生动性和万物有灵论。儿童对自然问题给出的答案从数据中被分类为新兴类别。 Tupinambá儿童的绘画通常比纽约儿童的绘画更生动。但是,这种差异未能在年幼儿童中达到统计学显着性,并且该差异仅在年纪较大的儿童中达到了显着性。与纽约人相比,Tupinambá的绘画包含了更多的泛灵论,描绘了具有面部表情的非人类和非动物。与纽约人相比,图皮纳巴州的孩子在绘画中经常包含诸如道路和房屋之类的人类建筑。与非土著儿童相比,土著儿童更常将人与非人的因素融为一体。这项研究加强了有关儿童对自然环境的环境感知的理论倾向,并强调了参加小组的特殊性,为今后的调查指出了相关问题。

著录项

  • 期刊名称 PLoS Clinical Trials
  • 作者

    Christiana Profice;

  • 作者单位
  • 年(卷),期 2012(13),10
  • 年度 2012
  • 页码
  • 总页数 15
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种
  • 中图分类 ;
  • 关键词

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