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Safety Belt Laws and Disparities in Safety Belt Use Among US High-School Drivers

机译:美国高校驾驶员在安全带使用上的安全带法律和差异

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摘要

Objectives. We compared reported safety belt use, for both drivers and passengers, among teenagers with learner’s permits, provisional licenses, and unrestricted licenses in states with primary or secondary enforcement of safety belt laws.Methods. Our data source was the 2006 National Young Driver Survey, which included a national representative sample of 3126 high-school drivers. We used multivariate, log-linear regression analyses to assess associations between safety belt laws and belt use.Results. Teenaged drivers were 12% less likely to wear a safety belt as drivers and 15% less likely to wear one as passengers in states with a secondary safety belt law than in states with a primary law. The apparent reduction in belt use among teenagers as they progressed from learner to unrestricted license holder occurred in only secondary enforcement states. Groups reporting particularly low use included African American drivers, rural residents, academically challenged students, and those driving pickup trucks.Conclusions. The results provided further evidence for enactment of primary enforcement provisions in safety belt laws because primary laws are associated with higher safety belt use rates and lower crash-related injuries and mortality.
机译:目标。我们比较了在主要或次要执行安全带法律的州中,具有学习者许可证,临时许可证和无限制许可证的青少年中,驾驶员和乘客使用安全带的报告方法。我们的数据来源是2006年全国青少年驾驶员调查,其中包括3126名高中驾驶员的全国代表性样本。我们使用多元,对数线性回归分析来评估安全带法律与安全带使用之间的关联。与具有主要法律的州相比,在具有次要安全带法的州中,未成年驾驶员的安全带佩戴者的安全性要低12%,在乘客中系安全带的可能性要低15%。当青少年从学习者发展为不受限制的许可证持有者时,皮带使用的明显减少仅发生在二级执法国家。报告使用率特别低的人群包括非洲裔美国驾驶员,农村居民,学业困难的学生以及驾驶皮卡车的人群。结果为在安全带法律中制定主要执法规定提供了进一步的证据,因为主要法律与更高的安全带使用率和更低的与碰撞相关的伤害和死亡率相关。

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