论武术审美意蕴及其与西方体育审美意蕴的差异

摘要

为探讨中华武术的审美意蕴,使其在中西方体育文化中保持独有的魅力,逐步融入现代社会发展当中。研究首先梳理了中华武术审美意蕴的历史流变,认为在历史长河中,部分中国的古典美学内涵被武术所吸收,对武术产生深远影响。通过比较中国武术与西方体育的审美意蕴差异,认为武术与西方体育不同表现可归纳为:内在的自我修养与外在自我表现的差异,即武术技击的动静疾徐、刚柔虚实,融入对立统一的整体和谐审美体验之中,具有自身的特色。面对当前的社会发展浪潮,全面理解传统武术的审美意蕴,将有助于武术在各层次的传播与推动。%In order to probe into the aesthetic implications of Chinese Wushu, so that it maintains its unique charm in western sports cultures, and gradually blends into modern society development, the author first collated the his-torical changes of the aesthetic implications of Chinese Wushu, concluded that in the long history some Chinese classical aesthetic connotations were absorbed by Wushu, and produced profound influence on Wushu. By compar-ing the difference between the aesthetic implications of Chinese Wushu and western sports, the author concluded that the different expressions of Wushu and western sports can be sorted into differences in intrinsic self-cultivation and extrinsic self-expression, i.e. the quickness or smoothness, rigidness or softness, realness or unrealness of movement of Wushu moves, blend into a unified whole of opposites and harmonic aesthetic experience, having one of a kind characteristics. Facing the tide of social development, comprehensively understanding the aesthetical im-plications of traditional Wushu will be conducive to the communication and promotion of Wushu at all levels.

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