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【6h】 Pure authoritarianism: A new approach to authoritarianism.

机译纯威权主义:威权主义的新方法。

【摘要】Attempting to explain the Holocaust, Adorno, Frenkel-Brunswik, Levinson, and Sanford (1950) developed a theory of the authoritarian personality, looking at people who follow strong leaders and adhere to tradition. Altemeyer (1996) conceptualized authoritarianism as Authoritarian Submission (submission to authority), Authoritarian Aggression (aggression on behalf of an authority), and Conventionalism (adherence to tradition). However, his Right Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) scale is ideologically biased and is unable to separate the different aspects of authoritarianism. The present study improved upon RWA by creating the Pure Authoritarianism (PA) scale.;The present study developed PA as a measure of authoritarianism with each aspect of authoritarianism as a separate subscale and, with it, looked at the relationship between authoritarianism and ideology. PA and its subscales are each best described by a single factor, and each are internally reliable. Regression analyses of PA with RWA and ideology, respectively, supported convergent and discriminant validity. These analyses showed Conventionalism to be strongly related to conservatism. Other aspects of authoritarianism were found to be unrelated to ideology. Regression analyses examined the relationship between authoritarianism and ideology by comparing PA to issue questions. With refinement, PA's subscales could be used to better understand authoritarianism and possibly prevent future tragedies that arise out of it.

【摘要机译】试图解释大屠杀,阿多诺,弗伦克尔-布伦斯维克,列文森和桑福德(1950)提出了威权人格理论,着眼于跟随有力领袖并坚持传统的人。 Altemeyer(1996)将威权主义概念化为:威权主义的屈从(向权威的屈服),威权主义的侵略(代表权力的侵略)和传统主义(坚持传统)。但是,他的右翼威权主义(RWA)量表在意识形态上有偏见,无法区分威权主义的不同方面。本研究通过创建纯威权主义(PA)量表对RWA进行了改进。本研究开发了PA作为威权主义的一种度量,将威权主义的各个方面作为一个单独的子量表,并以此来考察威权主义与意识形态之间的关系。 PA和它的分量表最好用一个因素来描述,并且每个都是内部可靠的。对具有RWA和意识形态的PA的回归分析分别支持聚合效度和判别效度。这些分析表明,传统主义与保守主义密切相关。发现威权主义的其他方面与意识形态无关。回归分析通过比较PA和问题来检验威权主义与意识形态之间的关系。通过改进,PA的分量表可用于更好地理解独裁主义,并可能防止由此产生的未来悲剧。

【原文格式】PDF

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