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Understanding metaphorical expressions: Conventionality, mappings, and comparison processes.

机译:了解隐喻表达:约定俗成,映射和比较过程。

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摘要

Metaphorical expressions appear once every twenty words in everyday language, and play a central role in communication. Some cognitive linguistic theories propose that understanding metaphorical expressions requires mappings from one conceptual domain to the other. My research uses Event-Related Potentials to examine the processing, the representation, and the cognitive processes used in the comprehension of conventional and novel metaphor mappings. The first study investigated whether metaphorical language was processed differently from literal language. It was found that conventional metaphors needed an initial burst of processing effort but such effort was quickly resolved, whereas novel metaphors took longer to integrate. The second study examined whether the processing effort required for understanding conventional metaphors was related to retrieving mappings between the involving concepts. It was found that such effort was reduced when readers were first exposed to another instance using the same mappings. The third study explored whether metaphors were understood via the basic mechanisms used in the process of comparison. It was found that both novel and conventional metaphors were processed more easily when readers first saw similes that overtly encouraged them to compare the two concepts. These findings have several implications. Understanding conventional metaphorical sentences requires some cognitive effort to retrieve the mapping representation between the involving concepts, and such retrieval can be facilitated by comparison thinking. Understanding novel metaphorical sentences requires cognitive effort much greater than the conventional ones in order to generate the mappings, and such meaning generation stems from a comparison process.
机译:隐喻表达在日常语言中每二十个单词出现一次,并且在交流中起着核心作用。一些认知语言学理论提出,理解隐喻表达需要从一个概念域到另一个概念域的映射。我的研究使用事件相关电位来研究理解传统和新型隐喻映射的过程,表示形式和认知过程。第一项研究调查了隐喻语言与文字语言的处理方式是否不同。发现传统的隐喻需要最初的处理努力,但是这种努力很快得到解决,而新颖的隐喻需要更长的时间来整合。第二项研究检查了理解传统隐喻所需的处理工作是否与检索相关概念之间的映射有关。发现当读者首先使用相同的映射访问另一个实例时,这种工作量减少了。第三项研究探讨了通过比较过程中使用的基本机制是否可以理解隐喻。人们发现,当读者第一次看到明喻鼓励他们比较这两个概念时,新颖和传统的隐喻都更容易处理。这些发现有几个含义。了解传统的隐喻句子需要付出一定的认知努力才能检索涉及概念之间的映射表示,并且可以通过比较思考来促进这种检索。为了产生映射,理解新颖的隐喻句子比传统的句子需要更多的认知努力,而这种含义的产生源于比较过程。

著录项

  • 作者

    Lai, Vicky Tzuyin.;

  • 作者单位

    University of Colorado at Boulder.;

  • 授予单位 University of Colorado at Boulder.;
  • 学科 Language Linguistics.;Psychology Cognitive.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2009
  • 页码 194 p.
  • 总页数 194
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

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