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The heart has its own order: The phenomenology of value and feeling in Confucian philosophy.

机译:内心有其自身的秩序:儒家哲学中的价值与情感现象学。

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摘要

This dissertation proposes a phenomenological investigation into value and feeling in classical and "neo-" Confucianism, particularly in the works of Mencius and Wang Yangming, in light of the German phenomenologist Max Scheler's clarification of human experience and theory of value. The phenomenological method and attitude, which seek essence by resorting to concrete personal and interpersonal experience rather than relying on the presuppositions of conceptual systems, offers a fresh and insightful perspective from which to examine the experiential pattern of morals in Confucian tradition. In order to illustrate how moral feelings and values establish each other, I examine the feeling-value correlations of love, sympathy and ren, shame and righteousness, respect and ritual propriety, and approval and wisdom, developed from Mencius' discussion on four initial moral emotions. This work not only clarifies the optimal experience of moral feelings, but also points out the concrete contents of what Wang Yangming calls the pure knowing of Heavenly principle. This phenomenological presentation of Confucian values, especially as mediated by Wang with some clarification through Scheler's thought, opposes both the dogmatic and relativist conceptions of principle (li) and the abstract interpretations of "pure knowing" (liang zhi) as having no concrete content, and thus it is relevantly applicable in directing our moral lives. The clarification of experience in different traditions is significant for research in both phenomenology and Chinese philosophy, and the experiential analysis made possible by this approach offers greater possibilities for mutual understanding among various cultures in the world.
机译:本文结合德国现象学家马克斯·舍勒(Max Scheler)对人类经验和价值理论的阐释,对古典和“新”儒学,特别是孟子和王阳明的作品中的价值和感觉进行了现象学研究。现象学的方法和态度通过寻求具体的个人和人际经验而不是依靠概念系统的前提来寻求本质,它提供了一种崭新而有见地的视角,可以用来检验儒家传统道德的经验模式。为了说明道德感受和价值观是如何相互建立的,我考察了孟子对四种初始道德的讨论中发展出的爱,同情与仁,羞耻与正义,尊重与礼仪礼仪,认同与智慧的情感-价值关联。情绪。这项工作不仅阐明了道德感受的最佳体验,而且指出了王阳明所说的“纯知天道”的具体内容。儒家价值观的这种现象学表现形式,特别是由王介mediated通过舍勒的思想加以澄清的形式,既反对教条主义和相对主义的原则(li)概念,又反对“纯知”(liang zhi)的抽象解释,因为它们没有具体的内容,因此,它在指导我们的道德生活方面也适用。澄清不同传统的经验对于现象学和中国哲学研究都具有重要意义,通过这种方法进行的经验分析为世界上不同文化之间的相互理解提供了更大的可能性。

著录项

  • 作者

    Lu, Yinghua.;

  • 作者单位

    Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.;

  • 授予单位 Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.;
  • 学科 Philosophy.;Ethics.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2014
  • 页码 298 p.
  • 总页数 298
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

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