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Resident attitudes toward community development alternatives.

机译:居民对社区发展替代方案的态度。

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摘要

Utilizing survey data collected in four communities in the State of Utah, this study examined the extent to which rural resident perceptions and attitudes toward local community circumstances influence their own expectations and attitudes subjectively toward future community development alternatives. Understanding perceptions of community and community development, as well as the patterns of localized community development, is crucial and needs to consider residents' opinions and attitudes toward unique rural economic, environmental, and social conditions in order to help preserve the unique characteristics of the way of life while continuing economic improvement and social betterment in rural areas.Three conceptual frameworks of development (economic, environmental, and social) are applied in this study to explore the relationship between local residents' general attitudes toward the current conditions in their community and their attitudes toward development alternatives. I examine how these three development frameworks guide rural scholars to understand whether the pattern of community development is consistent across the region or localized from community to community. Four different types of rural communities were selected in a Utah-wide community survey in the summer of 2008. These communities are facing four different change patterns: an increasing senior community, an energy-development community, a recreational community, and a constant community that has remained stable over the last five decades. Each type of community has its unique economy, lifestyle, culture, and environment, in which local residents have developed a way of life in response to these changes in social and economic structures.Research findings indicate that the local residents' self-perceptions of community economic situation are not significant indictors to support the arguments of the economic development framework. However, indexes of environmental and social development frameworks are found to have strong associations with locals' environmental and social development alternatives. Also, different types of rural community show different demands for community development strategies, implying that a single development framework would not be sufficient to explain the complex of local residents' perceptions and attitudes toward community development unless the researchers integrate other perspectives into the model.
机译:本研究利用在犹他州四个社区收集的调查数据,考察了农村居民对当地社区环境的看法和态度在多大程度上主观地影响了他们对未来社区发展选择的期望和态度。了解社区和社区发展的看法以及本地化社区发展的模式至关重要,需要考虑居民对独特农村经济,环境和社会条件的看法和态度,以帮助保留道路的独特特征。在持续改善农村地区生活的同时,改善农村地区的生活水平。本研究采用了三个概念性发展框架(经济,环境和社会),探讨了当地居民对社区当前状况的一般态度与他们的社区之间的关系。对发展替代方案的态度。我研究了这三个发展框架如何指导农村学者了解社区发展的模式在整个地区是一致的还是在社区之间本地化。 2008年夏天,在犹他州范围内的社区调查中,选择了四种不同类型的农村社区。这些社区面临着四种不同的变化模式:一个高级社区,一个能源开发社区,一个休闲社区以及一个不断变化的社区。在过去的五十年中一直保持稳定。每种类型的社区都有其独特的经济,生活方式,文化和环境,当地居民在应对这些社会和经济结构变化时发展了生活方式。研究结果表明,当地居民对社区的自我认知经济状况并不是支持经济发展框架论点的重要指标。但是,发现环境和社会发展框架的指数与当地人的环境和社会发展选择有很强的联系。此外,不同类型的农村社区对社区发展战略的要求也不同,这意味着除非研究人员将其他观点纳入模型,否则单一的发展框架不足以解释当地居民对社区发展的看法和态度的复杂性。

著录项

  • 作者

    Chang Chih-Yao.;

  • 作者单位

    Utah State University.;

  • 授予单位 Utah State University.;
  • 学科 Sociology, Theory and Methods.Sociology, Social Structure and Development.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 213 p.
  • 总页数 213
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 ;
  • 原文服务方 国家工程技术数字图书馆
  • 关键词

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