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Historic, central, and green: Transforming church to library in the southern Adirondacks.

机译:历史性,中央性和绿色性:将教堂转变为阿迪朗达克山脉南部的图书馆。

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摘要

Declining church attendance has left some U.S. denominations with vacant buildings in search of new uses. The 1859 Methodist Episcopal Church in Stony Creek, New York, the subject of this thesis, is one of more than a dozen nineteenth century churches within a 50 mile radius that have been deconsecrated over the past several decades. Loss of these buildings is not simply a loss of old-fashioned or unwanted building stock---clearing away the dead wood of history---but the loss of valuable examples of our material, cultural, and spiritual history. A repurposed historic building is a living example of sustainability which informs stewardship, responsible adaptation, and a respect for endurance and the positive impact of the maturing forces of time.;With all these important reasons for building reuse, why do so many stand empty, subject to continuing deterioration, or fall prey to destructive private adaptation? The answer is complex, but key problems include lack of enlightened community planning and involvement, lack of public investment sufficient to restore and maintain these historic resources, and lack of affordable architectural design assistance to help make civic aspiration a reality. The latter reason is more important than we might suspect. Participation of designers is critical to convert buildings successfully so they surpass pragmatic requirements to fulfill aesthetic aspirations, drawing users to themselves once again.;This thesis is the final stage in a two-and-one-half year project to assist a community library board of directors with the challenge of converting a historic structure to a community center and library. It describes the design process and lessons learned in dealing with the community and the State agencies with which it interfaced, as well as the technical aspects of a sustainable and accessible historic preservation project. Communities that would like to retain their historical landmarks are constrained by lack of funding for architectural, engineering, sustainability and accessibility services. This is a useful role for public service by the architectural community, and this thesis provides an example of how a student architect can assist with that process. We can't stand back and insist on preservation, but we can step forward and act with better conscience as educators, students, and informed public citizens to help communities preserve and revive their vital public spaces.;In each stage of the design process, I used architectural drawing and modeling for design investigation and presentation, climate and site analysis techniques, and building energy modeling; structural investigation and photographic documentation of the building; review of zoning and legal documentation; study of SHPO and LEED requirements; LEED analysis; precedents study; design methods for lighting, passive heating and cooling, and mechanicals specification; and library research. In addition, I was able to make good use of community planning, development, presentation, and grant writing skills garnered in prior work experience.;Although the context of this thesis was service learning, the goals of this thesis are theoretical as well as practical. While much of the thesis work was directed at refining and expanding prior analyses and design processes, to carry the project forward as far as possible and gain perspective on work already done, I needed to place the practical work in a wider context. The goals of this thesis, therefore, are both progressive and reflective: to move the work forward, applying what I learned in the third year of my architectural education to the problems I confronted in earlier stages of the project, while reflecting on how the process might have been improved.
机译:教堂出席率的下降使一些美国教派的房屋空置,以寻求新的用途。本论文的主题是位于纽约斯托尼克里克的1859年卫理公会主教教堂,它是过去几十年来被奉献的十多座50英里半径范围内的十九世纪教堂之一。这些建筑物的损失不仅仅是丧失老式或多余的建筑存货-清除历史的枯木-而是损失我们物质,文化和精神历史的宝贵实例。改建后的历史建筑是可持续发展的活生生的例子,它体现了管理能力,负责任的适应能力,对耐力的尊重以及时间成熟力量的积极影响。会继续恶化,还是成为破坏性私人适应的牺牲品?答案很复杂,但关键问题包括缺乏开明的社区规划和参与,缺乏足以恢复和维护这些历史资源的公共投资,以及缺乏负担得起的建筑设计援助来帮助实现公民愿望。后一个原因比我们可能想象的更重要。设计师的参与对建筑物的成功改造至关重要,因此他们超越了实用的要求来满足审美愿望,再次吸引了用户。本论文是为期两年半的项目的最后阶段,该项目旨在协助社区图书馆董事会董事面临着将历史结构转变为社区中心和图书馆的挑战。它描述了与社区和与之交互的国家机构打交道的设计过程和经验教训,以及可持续和可访问的历史保护项目的技术方面。想要保留其历史地标的社区受到建筑,工程,可持续性和可及性服务缺乏资金的限制。这是建筑界对公共服务有用的角色,本文提供了一个示例,说明了学生建筑师如何协助该过程。我们不能退缩并坚持保存,但是我们可以向前迈进,并以良心的态度行事,作为教育者,学生和知识渊博的公众,以帮助社区保护和恢复其重要的公共空间。在设计过程的每个阶段,我使用建筑绘图和建模进行设计调查和演示,气候和场地分析技术以及建筑能耗建模;建筑物的结构调查和照相文件;审查分区和法律文件;研究SHPO和LEED要求; LEED分析;判例研究;照明,被动加热和冷却的设计方法以及机械规格;和图书馆研究。此外,我能够充分利用先前的工作经验中获得的社区规划,开发,介绍和授课技巧。;尽管本文的背景是服务性学习,但本文的目标既是理论上的,也是实践上的。尽管大部分论文工作都针对完善和扩展先前的分析和设计过程,但为了使项目尽可能地前进并获得对已完成工作的看法,我需要将实际工作放在更广阔的背景下。因此,本论文的目标既具有进步性又具有反思性:将工作向前推进,将我在建筑教育三年级中学到的知识应用于项目早期阶段所遇到的问题,同时反思该过程可能已经得到改善。

著录项

  • 作者

    Hunter, Susan Sefton.;

  • 作者单位

    State University of New York at Buffalo.;

  • 授予单位 State University of New York at Buffalo.;
  • 学科 Architecture.
  • 学位 M.Arch.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 226 p.
  • 总页数 226
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 ;
  • 原文服务方 国家工程技术数字图书馆
  • 关键词

    ;

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