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Marx and Whitehead: A process reading of capitalism (Karl Marx, Alfred North Whitehead).

机译:马克思与怀特海:对资本主义的解读(卡尔·马克思,阿尔弗雷德·北·怀特海)。

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摘要

Bertell Ollman has argued that Marx's theory of alienation and his use of the dialectical method reveal the deep dependence of Marx's project upon a philosophy of internal relations. Marx and Whitehead: A Process Reading of Capitalism, is the extension and development of this claim. The philosophy of internal relations which implicitly underlies and provides the foundations for Marx's analysis and critique of capitalism is, I claim, a process philosophy, whose most complete and nuanced articulation is to be found in the work of Alfred North Whitehead. By explicitly recognizing such a foundation, we are able establish an absolute continuity between Marx's early and later writings; the early, "humanistic" writings present the philosophical foundations for the later political-economic critique. By identifying this coherence and by exploring its processive underpinnings, the critique of capitalism, as it is expressed by the labor theory of value and the critique of wage labor, is enhanced and intensified.; By recognizing the processive claims underlying Marx's notion of production, we ultimately see that the critique of capitalism is a critique of the form of social relations in which the wage representative of necessary labor time merely reproduces human life in an ontological fashion reminiscent of inorganic forms of process which primarily reiterate their valuative patterns, and in which the creative novelty of surplus labor time is also objectified in inorganic commodity form. Therefore, wage labor is real alienation from our ontological essence---our creative-productive activity, and so it is also alienation from the natural world, our products, and one another. Within the practice of capitalism, the processive universe is genuinely commodified. Novel creative and valuative activity is transformed into commodity or money value. Since creativity is the very engine of process, capitalism is, quite literally, anti-processive, quite literally anti-humanistic, quite literally an economy of death. It is a lived form of misplaced concreteness. The most basic contradiction in capitalism is self-contradiction.; Finally, a processive theory of human consciousness is examined in order to articulate the emergence of dialectical consciousness as radical and transformative consciousness from within the structure of capitalism itself.
机译:贝特尔·奥尔曼(Bertell Ollman)辩称,马克思的异化理论及其对辩证法的运用揭示了马克思的项目对内部关系哲学的深深依赖。马克思和怀特黑德:对资本主义的过程解读,是对这一主张的延伸和发展。我声称,内部关系哲学隐含地为马克思对资本主义的分析和批判提供基础和基础,这是一种过程哲学,在阿尔弗雷德·怀特黑德的著作中可以找到其最完整和细微的表述。通过明确认识到这样的基础,我们可以在马克思的早期著作和后来的著作之间建立绝对的连续性。早期的“人本主义”著作为后来的政治经济批评提供了哲学基础。通过确定这种连贯性并探索其过程基础,对资本主义的批判,如劳动价值论和工资劳动的批判所表达的,得到了​​加强和加强。通过认识到马克思关于生产观念的过程性主张,我们最终看到,对资本主义的批评是对社会关系形式的批评,在这种社会关系形式中,必要劳动时间的工资代表仅以本体论的方式再现了人类的生活,让人联想到无机主义的形式。这一过程主要重申了他们的评估模式,而剩余劳动时间的创新性也以无机商品形式成为对象。因此,有偿劳动是与我们本体论本质(我们的创造生产活动)的真正异化,因此也与自然界,我们的产品以及彼此之间的异化。在资本主义的实践中,过程性宇宙是真正地商品化的。新颖的创造和价值活动被转化为商品或货币价值。由于创造力是过程的引擎,因此,资本主义从字面上看是反进程的,在字面上是反人道主义的,在字面上是死亡的经济。这是错位的具体性的生动形式。资本主义中最基本的矛盾是自我矛盾。最后,考察了人类意识的一种过程理论,以便从资本主义本身的结构中阐明辩证意识作为激进意识和变革意识的出现。

著录项

  • 作者

    Pomeroy, Anne Fairchild.;

  • 作者单位

    Fordham University.;

  • 授予单位 Fordham University.;
  • 学科 Philosophy.; Economics Theory.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 1999
  • 页码 341 p.
  • 总页数 341
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 B0;F0;
  • 关键词

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