Petroleum hydrocarbons in the sludge are unavailable for utilization by microorganisms. Surfactants have the potential to increase the bioavailability of such pollutants due to their capability of reducing the surface and interfacial tension and increasing the solubility of hydrocarbons in water. In this study, the production of biological surfactants during sludge bioremediation was observed using surface tension measurement method. The addition of two different chemical surfactants (Igepal CO-630 and Cedephos FA-600) and a biosurfactant (Rhamnolipids) were tested using a laboratory respirometer, and the effects of such surfactants on the biodegradation of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in the oil refinery sludge were investigated. All surfactants were found to be effective for improving microbial growth at low concentration. Igepal CO-630 at 400 mg/kg, Cedephos FA-600 at 400 mg/kg and Rhamnolipids at 200 mg/kg were found most effective in improving the reduction of TPH compared to the control sample.
【授予单位】University of Northern British Columbia (Canada).;
【学科】Environmental Sciences.;Engineering, Environmental.