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Versuche des Mitseins: Hoelderlin, Heidegger und die Gemeinschaft der Sterblichen (German text, Friedrich Hoelderlin, Martin Heidegger).

机译:可以尝试的:Hoelderlin,Heidegger和凡人社区(德语文本,Friedrich Hoelderlin,Martin Heidegger)。

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摘要

Community has traditionally been understood as a form of identity guided by the phantasm of a common substance. Following this image, the ideal community would be a unity within which every difference has been dissolved by the experience of oneness. However, the totalitarian conception of the unified community as “Deutsche Volksgemeinschaft” has made a rigorous re-thinking of community inevitable. Moving from the deconstruction of the community formulated in the work of Jacques Derrida, Jean-Luc Nancy and Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, this project explores how being-with-others can be thought from a primordial difference. Friedrich Hölderlin's hymn-fragment “Der Mutter Erde” demonstrates how his poetry deconstructs the idea of community as communion and approaches a completely new form of being-with-others. The notion of Gesang offers a model for this new idea of community, as a being-open to the other, a merging of listening and responding which never culminates in an absolute union. Yet such a subversive reading of Hölderlin cannot elide the National Socialists' appropriation of his poetry. Thus the question arises how Hölderlin came to be (ab)used as an advocate of an ideology which, in tempting the annihilation of the other, carries the traditional understanding of community to its most violent extreme, while at the same time serving as literary witness for a movement of fundamental openness to the other. These opposing interpretations resonate in Martin Heidegger's lectures on Hölderlin's poetry. Here the deconstruction of the subject clashes with the attempt to re-install such a subject in the form of “the German people”. In his attempt to construct the “origin” of “the German people,” Heidegger ultimately does violence to the text in closing the primordial difference exposed by Hölderlin's poetry. However, Hölderlin's poetry and the unfinished tragedy on Empedocles demonstrate that for Hölderlin such a closure is not possible. The only way to relate to the other is a fundamental being-open, a vulnerability which cannot be closed by Empedocles' sacrifice, but is instead opened up in all its consequences precisely by his impending death.
机译:传统上,社区被理解为一种以共同物质的幻象为指导的身份认同形式。按照这种形象,理想的社区将是一个统一体,在其中每个差异都将被一体性的体验消解。但是,统一社区的极权主义概念是“ Deutsche Volksgemeinschaft”,这使得对社区进行严格的重新思考成为必然。该项目从对雅克·德里达(Jacques Derrida),让·卢克·南希(Jean-Luc Nancy)和菲利普·拉库埃·拉巴特(Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe)的工作中提出的社区解构出发,探索了如何从原始差异中考虑与他人共存。弗里德里希·霍尔德林(FriedrichHölderlin)的赞美诗片段“德·穆特·埃德(Der Mutter Erde)”展示了他的诗歌如何解构社区共融的思想,并寻求一种全新的与他人共存的形式。 Gesang的概念为这种新的社区观念提供了一种模式,作为对他人的开放,是倾听和回应的融合,从未达到绝对的结合。然而,对霍尔德林的这种颠覆性解读并不能消除国家社会主义者对其诗歌的占有。因此,出现了一个问题:霍尔德林是如何(被)滥用为一种意识形态的提倡者,在试图消灭另一种意识形态时,将对社区的传统理解带到了最暴力的极端,同时又充当了文学见证人。争取对对方的根本开放。这些对立的解释在马丁·海德格尔关于荷尔德林诗歌的演讲中引起了共鸣。在这里,对这个主题的解构与以“德国人民”的形式重新安装这样一个主题的尝试相冲突。为了构筑“德国人民”的“起源”,海德格尔最终对文本施加了暴力,以消除荷尔德林诗歌所暴露的原始差异。然而,霍尔德林的诗歌和关于恩佩多克勒的未完成的悲剧表明,对于霍尔德林来说,这样的封闭是不可能的。与另一方联系的唯一方法是根本性的开放,这是Empedocles的牺牲无法弥补的脆弱性,而恰恰是他即将死去而带来的所有后果。

著录项

  • 作者

    Barkemeyer, Karen.;

  • 作者单位

    University of California, Santa Barbara.;

  • 授予单位 University of California, Santa Barbara.;
  • 学科 Literature Germanic.; Literature Comparative.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2001
  • 页码 281 p.
  • 总页数 281
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 I516;I0;
  • 关键词

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