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Constructing the Zhonghua minzu: The frontier and national questions in early 20th century China.

机译:建设中华民族:20世纪初中国的前沿与民族问题。

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摘要

This study examines the attempts by China's Han ethnic majority to politically and culturally incorporate the ethnically heterogeneous polities of the former Qing empire (1644–1911) into a new national imaginary during the Republican Era (1911–1949), or what Sun Yat-sen first called a single, pure Zhonghua minzu (Chinese nation/race). In their attempts to fashion this new sense of corporate identity, Han political elites used a series of political and cultural strategies aimed at reifying the fluid political relations between the ethnically diverse citizens of the new Chinese Republic. The state's goal was not only the allegiance of the Tibetan, Mongolian and other frontier minorities towards the political center, but the construction of a myth of national belonging rooted in the perception of a common history, soil and blood.; My treatment of Chinese nation-building attempts to demonstrate how, in many ways, the frontier and its ethnic minorities were central rather than peripheral to the process of “revolution” in modern China. Despite their relatively small numbers, the frontier minorities inhabited roughly sixty-percent of the Republic's national territory, most of which was located along the remote yet resource-rich borderlands crucial to the state's economic modernization yet also coveted by the imperialist powers. In the days following the collapse of the Qing empire in 1911, Mongolia, Tibet, Manchuria and other frontier regions broke with the Han political and cultural center. Faced with the possibility of losing much of their national territory and wealth to the foreign imperialists, Han elites stressed the urgent need for both the rhetorical and physical absorption of the frontier minorities into a thoroughly unified and ethnically pure Chinese Republic. By uncovering the complex process of nation-building in early 20th century China, my study attempts to shed new light on the Chinese state's attempts to homogenize (if not erase) ethnic and cultural diversity from its political and historical landscape. In short, the national and frontier questions in Republican China was fundamentally about the construction of a united, monoethnic and modern Zhonghua minzu—an “imagined community” capable of naturalizing the heterogeneous polities of the Qing empire into a single homogenous Chinese nation.
机译:这项研究考察了中国汉族人在政治和文化上将前清帝国(1644-1911年)的种族异质政体纳入共和时代(1911-11949年)的新民族想象中的尝试,或者说是孙中山先生的尝试。首先被称为单一的中华民族(中华民族/种族)。为了塑造这种新的公司形象,汉族政治精英们采取了一系列政治和文化策略,旨在巩固新中华民国各族公民之间不稳定的政治关系。该州的目标不仅是忠于藏族,蒙古族和其他边疆少数民族对政治中心的支持,而且其民族归属神话的构建植根于对共同历史,土壤和血统的认识。我对中国建国的论述试图说明,在现代中国,边疆及其少数民族在许多方面如何处于中心地位,而不是处于外围地位。尽管边境少数民族人数很少,但仍然居住在共和国全国领土的约60%,其中大多数位于偏远但资源丰富的边境地区,这对该州的经济现代化至关重要,但也受到帝国主义列强的垂涎。在1911年清帝国瓦解后的日子里,蒙古,西藏,满洲和其他边疆地区随着汉族政治和文化中心而瓦解。面对可能使大部分帝国领土和财富流失给外国帝国主义者的问题,汉族精英们强调迫切需要将边疆少数民族的言辞和肢体吸收到一个完全统一和纯净的中华民国中。通过揭露20世纪初中国复杂的民族建设过程,我的研究试图为中国国家从其政治和历史景观中使民族和文化多样性趋同(如果不能消除)的尝试提供新的启示。简而言之,民国时期的民族和边界问题从根本上讲是关于建立一个统一的,单民族的和现代的“中华民族”的构想。“中华民国”是一个能够将清帝国的异质政治化为现实的“想象中的社区”。单一的中华民族。

著录项

  • 作者

    Leibold, James Patrick.;

  • 作者单位

    University of Southern California.;

  • 授予单位 University of Southern California.;
  • 学科 History Asia Australia and Oceania.; Sociology Ethnic and Racial Studies.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2003
  • 页码 686 p.
  • 总页数 686
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 K1;C95;
  • 关键词

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