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Immanence and the radicality of the phenomenological reduction in Husserlian phenomenology: A defense of the 'theological turn'.

机译:胡塞尔现象学中现象学还原的内在性和激进性:对“神学转向”的辩护。

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摘要

I maintain that the recent French debate on the theological turn results from a fundamental misunderstanding over the radicality of the phenomenological reduction. Arguments presented by Dominique Janicaud come down on the side against the inclusion of theological language and themes based on his belief that to include them is to compromise the rigor and method of phenomenology. I claim that not only is the theological turn acceptable, it is required if the phenomenological reduction is properly understood.;I demonstrate that if the phenomenological reduction is properly understood and executed, it results in theological insight, hence, justifying the theological turn. I further claim that there is a curious similarity between the phenomenological reduction understood as "self-meditation radicalized" and a certain religious meditative practice having "Be still!---and KNOW,---I AM,---GOD" as its directive, hence, suggesting further grounds for making the turn. By showing that theological insights result directly from the performance of the phenomenological reduction, I establish the phenomenological roots of the "theological turn" and allay any concerns that such a turn was motivated by ulterior theological motives. I clarify the connection between the reduction and the turn by distinguishing between theologies that claim to have phenomenological roots but which do not retain the fundamental phenomenological insight that immanence founds transcendence; an insight that some phenomenologists, notably Dominique Janicaud, have significantly misunderstood. En route, I clarify both the role of immanence in Husserl's thought and the sense in which he claims that his phenomenology is radical in a new sense. Thus, had Janicaud properly understood exactly how radical the phenomenological reduction was, he would have been able to come to a more determinate understanding of the role that immanence plays in Husserl's thought and he also would have seen that the theological turn has authentic phenomenological roots.
机译:我坚持认为,法国最近对神学转向的辩论是由于人们对现象学还原的根本性存在根本性的误解。多米尼克·贾尼科德(Dominique Janicaud)提出的论点在反对神学语言和主题纳入方面是基于他的信念,即认为将神学语言和主题包括在内是在损害现象学的严格性和方法性。我声称不仅神学转向是可以接受的,而且如果对现象学的还原有正确的理解也是有必要的。我证明,如果对现象学的还原进行了正确的理解和执行,它将导致神学上的见解,从而证明神学转向是合理的。我进一步声称,被认为是“自我冥想激进”的现象学还原与某种宗教冥想实践之间存在着奇怪的相似之处,即“静下来!-和-知道,-我是——GOD”。因此,它的指示为转弯提供了进一步的依据。通过显示神学见解直接来自现象学还原的表现,我建立了“神学转向”的现象学根源,并消除了这种转向是由别有用心的神学动机所引起的。我通过区分声称具有现象学根源但没有保留内在性超越的基本现象学见解的神学,来阐明还原与转向之间的联系。一些现象学家,尤其是多米尼克·贾尼科德(Dominique Janicaud)的见解被严重误解了。在途中,我既阐明了内在性在胡塞尔思想中的作用,也阐明了他声称自己的现象学在新的意义上是激进的意义。因此,如果詹尼科德正确地正确理解了现象学上的减少是多么彻底,他将能够对内在性在胡塞尔的思想中所起的作用有更确定的理解,并且他还将看到神学转向具有真正的现象学根源。

著录项

  • 作者

    Cogan, John Martin.;

  • 作者单位

    Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.;

  • 授予单位 Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.;
  • 学科 Philosophy.;Philosophy of Religion.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2004
  • 页码 155 p.
  • 总页数 155
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

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