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Gossip talk and online community: Celebrity gossip blogs and their audiences.

机译:八卦讨论和在线社区:名人八卦博客及其受众。

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摘要

Celebrity gossip blogs have quickly established themselves as a new media phenomenon that is transforming celebrity culture. This dissertation is an examination of the impact of the technological and textual shifts engendered by new media on the use of gossip as a form of everyday cultural production. Broadly, I investigate the historical role of gossip media texts in celebrity culture and explore how celebrity gossip blogs have reconfigured audience engagements with celebrity culture.;Following Gamson's (1994) approach to celebrity as a cultural phenomenon, I separate celebrity gossip blogs into three elements---texts, producers, and audiences---and examine the interplay between them using ethnographic methods adapted to the new media setting. I begin with an investigation of what is being said about celebrity on gossip blogs, supported by my five-week online fieldwork observation of six heavily-trafficked, commercially-supported celebrity gossip blogs. I focus on visual images and blogger commentary as the key elements of gossip blogs as media texts. I supplement these observations with oral interviews of the producers of these texts, the gossip bloggers. I argue that the blogger, as the primary author of the site, retains authority as a cultural producer of these texts. The final component of this study focuses on the reading and cultural production practices of celebrity gossip blog audiences using data gathered online and through a qualitative survey. I examine the various ways these practices support the emergence of community within these virtual spaces.;While I claim that gossip is an active engagement with celebrity culture well suited to new media's emphasis on immediacy and interactivity, I conclude that an active audience is necessarily a resistant one. Blogs can be seen as a space for intervention into celebrity culture that allows bloggers and readers to challenge the power of the media industry to define celebrity culture. However, gossip blogs often uphold oppressive norms, particularly around questions of gender, race, and sexuality. Gossip is an important area of inquiry because it reveals the way women, the predominant audience for and participants on gossip blogs, may be implicated in the normative ideologies forwarded by the celebrity media.
机译:名人八卦博客已迅速将自己确立为一种正在改变名人文化的新媒体现象。本文研究了新媒体带来的技术和文本变化对八卦作为日常文化生产形式的影响。广义地讲,我研究了八卦媒体文本在名人文化中的历史作用,并探讨了名人八卦博客如何将名人文化与受众互动重新配置。;根据Gamson(1994)的研究,将名人八卦作为一种文化现象,我将名人八卦博客分为三个要素---文字,制作人和听众---并使用适合新媒体环境的人种志方法检查它们之间的相互作用。首先,我对八卦博客上的名人言论进行了调查,并得到了我为期五周的在线实地观察,调查了六个人流量大,商业支持的名人八卦博客。我主要关注视觉图像和博主评论,作为八卦博客作为媒体文本的关键要素。我通过对这些文本的生产者(八卦博客作者)进行口头采访来补充这些观察结果。我认为,博客作者作为该网站的主要作者,保留了作为这些文本的文化产生者的权力。本研究的最后一部分着重于使用在线收集的数据和定性调查研究名人八卦博客受众的阅读和文化生产实践。我研究了这些做法在这些虚拟空间中支持社区兴起的各种方式。;尽管我声称八卦是一种积极参与名人文化的活动,非常适合新媒体对即时性和互动性的强调,但我得出结论认为,积极的受众必然是抵抗一。博客可以被视为干预名人文化的空间,它使博客作者和读者可以挑战媒体行业定义名人文化的力量。但是,八卦博客通常会坚持压迫性规范,尤其是在性别,种族和性问题上。八卦是一个重要的研究领域,因为它揭示了女性(八卦博客的主要受众和参与者)可能与名人媒体转发的规范意识形态有关的方式。

著录项

  • 作者

    Meyers, Erin A.;

  • 作者单位

    University of Massachusetts Amherst.;

  • 授予单位 University of Massachusetts Amherst.;
  • 学科 Womens Studies.;Web Studies.;Speech Communication.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2010
  • 页码 376 p.
  • 总页数 376
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

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