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Confronting necessity: Thinking crisis in Husserl, Freud, and Heidegger (Edmund Husserl, Sigmund Freud, Martin Heidegger).

机译:面对必要性:胡塞尔,弗洛伊德和海德格尔的思想危机(埃德蒙·胡塞尔,西格蒙德·弗洛伊德,马丁·海德格尔)。

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摘要

This dissertation examines key texts written by Husserl, Heidegger, and Freud---arguably the three most important thinkers in twentieth century European thought---during the same historical period of crisis of the late 1920s and early 1930s. In an effort to pull Husserl a bit out from under the shadow of his charismatic student, Heidegger, I argue that there is a general kinship between the critiques articulated during this period by Husserl and Freud. In different ways, the responses of Husserl and Freud to the crisis could be characterized as historical critiques of prejudice, which manifest the impact of the materiality of the crisis in which the thinkers were embedded. Heidegger, in contrast, imagines the coinciding of freedom and necessity in the event of Being, and in so doing confronts the concrete historical crisis from out of a presupposed ontological framework. In contrast to Heidegger's effort to performatively retrieve the Greek beginning of philosophy, the thinking of Husserl and Freud takes the form of an embedded confrontation with loss, and thereby preserves an ameliorative role for rationality.
机译:本论文研究了在1920年代末和1930年代初危机的同一历史时期,由侯赛尔,海德格尔和弗洛伊德(可以说是二十世纪欧洲思想中最重要的三个思想家)撰写的重要著作。为了使胡塞尔从其具有超凡魅力的学生海德格尔的阴影下脱颖而出,我认为胡塞尔和弗洛伊德在这段时期所提出的批评之间有着普遍的亲属关系。以不同的方式,胡塞尔和弗洛伊德对危机的反应可以被描述为对历史性偏见的批判,体现了思想家所扎根的危机的实质性影响。相比之下,海德格尔设想了在存在的情况下自由与必要同时发生,从而从预设的本体论框架中面对了具体的历史危机。与海德格尔从表现上恢复希腊哲学开端的努力形成鲜明对比的是,胡塞尔和弗洛伊德的思想采取了内在的对立与损失的对抗的形式,从而保留了理性的改良作用。

著录项

  • 作者

    Jackson, Jeffrey Martin.;

  • 作者单位

    Vanderbilt University.;

  • 授予单位 Vanderbilt University.;
  • 学科 Philosophy.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2005
  • 页码 186 p.
  • 总页数 186
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类 B0;
  • 关键词

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