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Rewriting Trujillo, reconstructing a nation: Dominican history in novels by Marcio Veloz Maggiolo, Andres L. Mateo, Viriato Sencion, and Mario Vargas Llosa.

机译:重写特鲁希略,重建国家:马西奥·韦洛兹·马吉奥洛,安德烈斯·L·马特奥,维里亚托·森西翁和马里奥·巴尔加斯·略萨的小说中的多米尼加历史。

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摘要

Rafael Leonidas Trujillo's dictatorship over the Dominican Republic had a profound effect on the country's literary tradition. Between the years of 1930 and 1961, Trujillo carefully positioned himself at the center of all things Dominican---including the island's cultural and intellectual discourse. From the beginning of Trujillo's political career, the dictator's team of spin-doctors, carefully selected from among the Dominican intelligentsia systematically, exploited the media, poetry, prose narrative, and even popular music to construct a public persona that would eventually grow to mythological proportions.Given the trujillato's notorious use of literature in mythologizing Trujillo, it is hardly surprising that, in the years immediately following his death, Dominican writers would also employ narrative in their efforts to de/re-mythologize him. The present study examines how four prominent novelists---Marcio Veloz Maggiolo, Andres L. Mateo, Viriato Sencion, and Mario Vargas Llosa---use literature to reexamine and rewrite Trujillo's 30-year rule over the Dominican Republic. These writers also typify the evolution of the Dominican novel over the last 40 years. Like other Latin American "dictator novels," the texts studied here---which include De abril en adelante (1975), La balada de Alfonsina Bairan (1985), Los que falsificaron la firma de Dios (1992) and La fiesta del chivo---call attention to both the hegemonic processes that empower and the rhetorical structures that help to shore up authoritarian rule. Building upon the ideas of Ross Chambers, Rene Girard, Roberto Gonzalez Echevarria and others, this thesis examines how these writers' works attempt to create "room for maneuver" between the discourse of dictatorship and the dictatorship of narrative convention. My primary assertion is that the rhetorical "free space" created by oppositional texts, when inserted into the dictator's system of signification, creates the potential for readers' desires to be shifted away from the dictator and toward a dissenting (frequently the narrative) voice. While large-scale social change brought about via readers reading novels such as those studied here is unlikely, these works chip away at the dictator's power structure by targeting and changing his constituency one reader at a time.
机译:拉斐尔·莱昂尼达斯·特鲁希略(Rafael Leonidas Trujillo)对多米尼加共和国的独裁统治对该国的文学传统产生了深远影响。在1930年至1961年之间,特鲁希略小心翼翼地将自己置于多米尼加一切事物的中心-包括该岛的文化和知识话语。从特鲁希略的政治生涯开始,独裁者的旋转医生团队从多米尼加知识分子中精心挑选出来,他们利用媒体,诗歌,散文叙事甚至流行音乐来构建公众角色,最终将其发展成神话般的比例。考虑到特鲁希拉托在特鲁希略神话化中对文学的臭名昭著,毫不奇怪的是,在他去世后的几年中,多米尼加作家也运用叙事来努力使他去神话化。本研究研究了四个著名小说家-马西奥·韦洛兹·马吉奥洛,安德烈斯·L·马特奥,维里亚托·森西翁和马里奥·瓦尔加斯·洛萨如何使用文学重新审视和重写特鲁希略对多米尼加共和国的30年统治。这些作家还代表了多米尼加小说在过去40年中的演变。像其他拉丁美洲的“独裁者小说”一样,这里研究的文本包括-De abril en adelante(1975),La balada de Alfonsina Bairan(1985),Los que falsificaron la firma de Dios(1992)和La fiesta del chivo -呼吁同时注意赋予权力的霸权进程和有助于巩固威权统治的修辞结构。本文在罗斯·钱伯斯,雷内·吉拉德,罗伯托·冈萨雷斯·埃切瓦里亚等人的思想的基础上,研究了这些作家的作品如何试图在独裁话语和叙事惯例独裁话语之间创造“回旋余地”。我的主要断言是,由对立文本创建的修辞“自由空间”被插入到独裁者的指称系统中时,有可能使读者的欲望从独裁者转移到异议(通常是叙事)的声音上。虽然不太可能通过读者阅读小说(例如在此学习的小说)来实现大规模的社会变革,但这些作品通过一次针对和改变一个读者的选民,从而破坏了独裁者的权力结构。

著录项

  • 作者

    Wolff, Andrew B.;

  • 作者单位

    The Pennsylvania State University.;

  • 授予单位 The Pennsylvania State University.;
  • 学科 Literature Latin American.Literature Caribbean.History Latin American.
  • 学位 Ph.D.
  • 年度 2006
  • 页码 347 p.
  • 总页数 347
  • 原文格式 PDF
  • 正文语种 eng
  • 中图分类
  • 关键词

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