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【6h】 New Icelandic Ethnoscapes: Material, visual, and oral terrains of cultural expression in Icelandic-Canadian history, 1875--present.

机译新的冰岛民族景观:1875年至今的冰岛-加拿大历史上的物质,视觉和口头文化表达地形。

【摘要】This dissertation uses the Icelandic-Canadian community to discuss alternate media and the production of "ethnoscapes," or landscapes of ethnic identity, on the prairies from 1875 to the present. Drawing from larger historiographies of food, gender, material culture, oral history, and commemoration, it offers an investigation into power, acculturation, and representation using often-marginalized terrains of Canadian ethnic expression. Each of the project's five chapters examines the cultural history of the community through a different medium. The first chapter uses clothing, one of the most intimate and immediate ways that migrants experienced transition in North America, to explore the impact of poverty, marginalization, disease, climate, and eventual access to Anglo commercial goods on migrant culture. Chapter two analyses the role of food and drink, specifically coffee, alcohol, and vinarterta (a festive layered torte) in everyday life and the development of migrant identity. The third chapter analyses the growth of conservatism and depictions of women in the Icelandic-Canadian community in the twentieth century, with a focus on the decline of radical Icelandic language publications and the rise of ethnic spectacles. Chapter four analyses the impact of centennial and multicultural heritage campaigns on Icelandic-Canadian life, popular narrative, and domestic space by tracing the emergence of the koffort (immigrant trunk) in intergenerational family commemorative practices. Chapter five continues the discussion of popular memory with an examination of the compelling hjatru (superstitious) narrative tradition in the community. It illustrates that Icelandic migrants imported and adapted this tradition to the North American context in a way that also reflected their understanding of colonial violence as an unresolved, disruptive, and damaging intergenerational inheritance.;Providing an alternate view of the community beyond either cultural endurance or assimilation, this dissertation argues that the multiple material, visual, and oral conduits through which members have experienced life in the New World have been crucial to the construction of Icelandic-Canadian identity. It is through these terrains that community members have continually engaged with public expectations and demands for both ethnic performance and suppression. The fluidity of these forms and forums and their facilitation of members' engagement with, adaptations to, and contestation of images of ethnicity and history have enabled the continual construction of Icelandic identities in North America 135 years after departure.

【摘要机译】本文利用冰岛-加拿大社区来讨论备用媒体,以及从1875年至今的大草原上的“民族景观”或“民族风光”的产生。它从食物,性别,物质文化,口述历史和纪念的较大历史学中汲取了灵感,使用加拿大人种表现形式经常被边缘化的地区,对权力,文化和代表性进行了调查。该项目的五章中的每一章都通过不同的媒介考察了社区的文化历史。第一章使用服装,这是移民在北美经历的最亲密和最直接的方式之一,探讨了贫困,边缘化,疾病,气候以及最终获得盎格鲁商业商品对移民文化的影响。第二章分析了食品和饮料的作用,特别是咖啡,酒精和vinarterta(喜庆的奶油蛋糕)在日常生活中的作用以及移民身份的发展。第三章分析了二十世纪冰岛-加拿大社区中保守主义的发展和对妇女的描绘,重点是冰岛激进语言出版物的减少和民族眼镜的兴起。第四章通过追溯代际家庭纪念活动中科菲特(移民主干)的出现,分析了百年纪念和多元文化遗产运动对冰岛-加拿大生活,大众叙事和家庭空间的影响。第五章通过讨论社区中令人信服的hjatru(迷信)叙事传统,继续讨论大众记忆。它说明,冰岛移民以某种方式反映了这一传统,并将其适应北美的情况,这也反映出他们对殖民暴力是一种未解决,破坏性和破坏性的代际传承的理解。同化,这篇论文认为,成员体验新世界生活的多种物质,视觉和口头渠道对于冰岛-加拿大身份的建构至关重要。正是通过这些地形,社区成员不断参与公众对民族表演和镇压的期望和要求。这些形式和论坛的流动性以及成员对种族和历史图像的参与,适应和争辩的便利,使离开北美后135年的冰岛身份得以持续建设。

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