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Propagating Topological Singularities: the Photon

机译:传播拓扑奇点:光子

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摘要

At its foundations, Maxwell's theory of Electrodynamics, like thermodynamics, is a topological theory independent from geometric constraints of metric, scales, or gauge symmetries. One of the most interesting features of Electromagnetism is its relationship to the transport of momentum and energy by means of photons. This article utilizes a topological perspective to discuss the classical features and quantum concepts associated with the photon, including Topological Spin, Topological Torsion, Helicity and Chirality.
机译:像热力学一样,麦克斯韦的电动力学理论在其基础上是一种独立于度量,刻度或量规对称性的几何约束的拓扑理论。电磁学最有趣的特征之一是它与通过光子传输动量和能量的关系。本文利用拓扑角度来讨论与光子相关的经典特征和量子概念,包括拓扑自旋,拓扑扭转,螺旋和手性。

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