Temporality of Physical and Political Liminal Spaces in the Urban Transformations of the Greater Paris




Since the last decade, the city of Paris underwent through an important urban renovation related to the process of metropolization called Greater Paris. This operation relies on two elements: (i) the redefinition of the relation between the central municipality and its periphery and (ii) the increase of the city's international competitiveness by creating new economic clusters and public transports. The northern east part of the city is one of the most emblematic areas of this political and spatial intervention, in the frame of a typical process of deindustrialization of historical popular districts. This area is today one of the largest metropolitan building sites in which all the temporalities of this long transformation process can be observed. This article proposes a comparison among different kinds of "historicity systems" (Hartog, 2003) coexisting in this portion of the city. The meantime of the planning process will be considered as the fertile uncertain temporal space that creates new forms of power negotiations between the institutions and the civic society. Which is the role of the inhabitants in the large scale development planning? Which are the new forms of urban conflict and negotiation? Through the analysis of the "non-formal political actors" (Sassen, 2008) in the Parisian context, this paper will address the role of temporality in the planning process and the creation of new forms of urban engagement. From squats to community gardens, from participatory design processes to urban walks, the aim will be to describe which are the bottom-up practices and strategies that react or participate to the top-down projects. Those collective actions open the issue of the inhabitants' empowerment in the social and physical management of the public space and highlight the non-hierarchic relations between local actors and global politics at different scales. Through the analysis of conflictive discourses on the right to the city (Lefebvre 1968, Harvey 2008) in the French context, I aim to understand the new forms of urban development that are proposed by those new processes of negotiation. Which is the role played by the image of a future project in the transformation of the city? Which is the temporality of the civic resilience?
机译:自上十年以来,巴黎市通过与大都市进程有关的重要城市改造,称为大巴黎。这项操作依赖于两个要素:(i)通过创造新的经济集群和公共交通工具,重新定义中央市及其周边和(ii)城市国际竞争力的关系。该市的北部部分是这种政治和空间干预的最具标志性领域之一,在历史流行区的典型工业化过程中。这一领域今天是最大的大都市建筑网站之一,其中可以观察到这种长变换过程的所有时间。本文提出了在城市这一部分共存的不同类型“历史系统”(Hartog,2003)之间的比较。计划进程的视点将被视为肥沃的不确定时间空间,以创造机构与公民社会之间的新形式的权力谈判。哪个是居民在大规模发展规划中的作用?这是城市冲突和谈判的新形式?通过分析“非正规政治行动者”(Sassen,2008)在巴黎语境中,本文将解决时间性在规划过程中的作用和创建新形式的城市参与。从深蹲到社区花园,从参与式设计流程到城市散步,旨在描述哪些自下而下的项目以及反应或参与自上而下的项目的策略。这些集体行动公开了居民赋予公共空间社会管理赋权的问题,并突出了当地行动者与不同尺度的全球政治之间的非等级关系。通过对城市右侧的互相矛盾的歧视(Lefebvre 1968,Harvey 2008)在法国背景下,我旨在了解这些新的谈判进程提出的新形式的城市发展形式。哪个角色在城市转型中未来项目的形象发挥作用?这是公民恢复力的时间性吗?



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